What is Service Oriented Architecture?

Service Oriented Architecture is a type of software architecture that is based on the principle of services. This means that the various components of the system are designed to provide services to other components of the system, and to the outside world.

Service Oriented Architecture, or SOA, is a software development paradigm that emphasizes the use of services to support the development of software applications. SOA applications are built on a services platform, which is a collection of services that can be invoked by applications to perform specific tasks. Too, services can be invoked locally or remotely, and can be composed of other services to form complex workflows. Service Oriented Architecture has been a popular concept in the software development industry for many years.

Key Concepts of Service Oriented Architecture

The advantage of the SOA approach is that it allows for a high degree of flexibility and reuse. For example, a component that provides a particular service can be used by any number of other components, and can be replaced or upgraded without affecting the other components.

There are a few key concepts that are important to understand in order to work with Service Oriented Architecture. These include:

  • Service: A service is a selfcontained unit of functionality that can be invoked by other components. Services are typically implemented as software components, but they can also be hardware components or even human resources.
  • Service Contract: A service contract is a document that defines the interface of a service, and the rules that govern its use. Service contracts are important because they provide a common understanding of the service between the provider and the consumer.
  • Registry: A service registry is a repository of service contracts. It is used to discover services that are available, and to determine how to invoke them.
  • Service Orchestration: Service orchestration is the process of coordinating the execution of multiple services in order to achieve a desired goal. This is typically done by a software component known as a service orchestrator.
  • Service choreography: Service choreography is the process of defining the interactions between services in order to achieve a desired goal. This is typically done using a service choreography language.


Service Oriented Architecture is a software development approach that enables the construction of interoperable services that can be published and invoked over a network. These services can be composed into higherlevel business processes and applications, providing a flexible and reusable way to support the rapidly changing business needs of an enterprise.

The main advantage of SOA is that it allows for a high degree of flexibility and agility in the way that business processes and applications are built and deployed. This is because services can be easily reused and recomposed into new processes and applications as business needs change.

In addition, SOA promotes the use of standardsbased technologies, which makes it easier to integrate different applications and systems. This increases the interoperability of the services and makes it easier to share data and information between different applications.

Finally, SOA can help to reduce the overall complexity of an IT environment by providing a consistent and welldefined way to build and deploy applications. This can lead to reduced costs and improved efficiency.


SOA is a very popular concept in the software development industry, but it can be very challenging to implement. You may encounter one of the biggest challenges, designing the services so that they can be reused by different applications. This can be difficult to do if the services are tightly coupled to the applications that use them.

Too, managing the dependencies between the services can also be a challenge. If a service is changed, it can potentially break other services that depend on it. This can be difficult to manage, especially in a large system with many dependencies.

Another potential challenge of SOA is that it can be complex to implement and manage. An SOA typically involves many different services and components that must be integrated and configured correctly in order to work together. This can be a challenge for even the most experienced teams.

Furthermore, SOA can be difficult to change or upgrade individual services without affecting the entire system. This can be a particular problem in large systems with many dependencies. Finally, SOA can be less efficient than other architectures in some scenarios. This is because each service in an SOA typically has its own independent process and communication overhead. In some cases, this can lead to slower performance and increased resource consumption.

Key Principles

The SOA style of software architecture defines how to build software systems that are composed of services. A service is a selfcontained unit of functionality that can be invoked remotely by other services or applications. Services are typically implemented as Web services, but they can also be implemented as components or objects.

SOA defines a set of principles and patterns for designing and building serviceoriented systems. These principles and patterns are intended to help developers create systems that are loosely coupled, highly cohesive, and highly scalable. The key characteristics of a serviceoriented system are:

  1. Services should be self-contained and modular, so that they can be easily reused.
  2. Services should be loosely coupled, so that they can be easily integrated with other services.
  3. Services should be accessible through well-defined interfaces, so that they can be easily invoked by other applications.
  4. Services should be able to be composed into new, more complex services, so that they can be easily customized to meet specific needs.
  5. Services should be able to be deployed on different platforms and environments, so that they can be easily scaled and updated.

The Future Outlook

You will see a more robust and more widely adopted SOA than it is today. Developers appreciate that service-oriented architecture allows for a more modular approach to software development, which makes it easier to develop and deploy applications. Additionally, Service Oriented Architecture is well suited for cloud computing and other distributed computing environments.

Overall, the future outlook of Service Oriented Architecture is promising. It has already gained popularity and is being used by many organizations. Too, the benefits of using Service Oriented Architecture are many, and it is expected that more and more organizations will adopt this architecture in the future.

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